You seem to mix things up here that are already addressed in comments:
First, a moderator (i.e. diamond user) is a first among equals regarding voting. This means that while their vote (for closing, reopening, deleting, editing, reviews, etc.) immediately takes effect, it can - in the case of close/reopen - very well be countered by five votes of users with moderation rights. For an idea of what user will have which rights, you can have a look here. As you can see, it only takes a reputation of 500 to cast close votes. If there are recurring names in the list of those who voted to close, this probably is simply because they are active users in the review section where questions with a close vote end up. This is important work as the moderators could never handle the amount of moderation work this site takes on their own. "Community" is not a moderator, but a bot doing automatic stuff for keeping the site clean (see below under "third").
Second, personal judgement versus your feelings. You call for humility and respect. These close votes are cast by community members that earned their reputation one way or another. They vote to close because it is their judgement that the question is a bad fit for the site. This is something you have to respect, even if it does not fit your own understanding. Please try to consider that those votes are about the style and content of the questions, not against you personally.
Third, closing vs. deleting. If a question is put on hold, it is not "censored" or "erased". The status is meant to be a sign that this question in its current status is seen to not be a good fit for the site. That's why it always says:
If this question can be reworded to fit the rules in the help center, please edit the question.
Closed questions stay visible and can be voted and commented on. They can also be reopened the same way they are closed and if one user decides that it is worth reopening, it moves into the review queue as well for better visibility (just as for close votes). Deleted questions disappear for all but the highest rep users. This is usually reserved for grave violations of the rules of the site. A thing that may have triggered this misunderstanding is that if a closed question is not edited or active for a while, it is automatically deleted by the system for "RemoveAbandonedClosed" with a reference to this site.
Last but not least
We are a fairly welcoming and lenient site regarding close votes and deletions. This lies in the nature of philosophy being such a vast field with few objectively true positions. But this is also a StackExchange Network site, i.e. it looks for questions where the answer should be objectively determinable as the correct one, as you can see here. We are neither a forum nor should we have the misunderstanding that this site is to provide a place to philosophise.
That being said, it is perfectly okay to have different opinions. And nobody is obliged to disclose the reasons for their voting behaviour. Dissenting opinions are normal within a community. Your questions with close votes without actually being closed reflect that: The votes are cast out of a variety of reasons, i.e. the persons were not agreeing with one another. This can simply be a sign that the question seems to be a bit fuzzy without being able to nail it down to a specific problem.
If you have the feeling that a particular user is acting out of personal reasons, feel free to flag e.g. a comment of this user to make us aware of the problem and have a closer look into it.